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Book Review: Red Sea Citizens by Dr. Jonathan Miran

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The fourth chapter, discuss the religious life of Massawa, particularly the influence of Islam on the city. He believes the real Islamic influence in Massawa and its surrounding begun with the arrival of the Umayyad in Dahlak in the 8 th century. The Naibs solidified their position through intermarriage with other important tribes and chiefs in the region. Miran has a keen interest in Eritrean history. Massawa continued to provide opportunities even to those who relatively came late.

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Massawa is a resilient city. Prominent among these families are the bayt Shaikh Mahmud, Ad Darqi, Ad Muallim, Ad Zubayr, Ad Kebire. The Naibs took Hergigo as their capital. Some of those who came to Massawa ended up settling in Massawa and becoming part of its multiethnic and multicultural mosaic. His references are widespread across languages and entities. I am certain, the Massawa that Dr.

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Book Review: Red Sea Citizens by Dr. Jonathan Miran

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The Naibs come from the Balaw clan, descendants of the powerful Beja tribe. Massawa is rich in history and antiquity, any documentation of its history, such as the book of Dr. For centuries it served as a gateway to inland and as a global commercial center. His book, Red Sea Citizens, is perhaps one of his most captivating and intriguing publications on Eritrea. It is made up of 5 chapters. They also collaborated with powerful religious families in the region, such as Ad Shaikh, Ad Darqi, bayt Muallim, bayt Shaikh Mahmoud and others.

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Book Review: Red Sea Citizens by Dr. Jonathan Miran

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It develops with strategies that combine the rigour and credibility of award winning journalism with the creative power of advertising. He settled in Massawa, he had simple beginnings, but eventually became phenomenally successful in his business. Its strategic location made it a hub of trade exchange between the inland and outside world. Massawa became a magnet for brokers, merchants, traders and labourers from across regions in the interior and worldwide. Its neighbouring town, Hergigo, the powerhouse of the region, is sadly another abandoned and motionless town today.

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The Khedives undertook significant construction projects, most importantly, the building of bridges linking Massawa Island to Tewalot and Tewalot to the mainland in 1870. . Miran, will be of great value and significance. Following the formation of Eritrea as a colony in 1890, Massawa remained the capital of Eritrea until 1899. The second chapter provides insights into the commercial life of the city, in particular, the economic relations with hinterland and outside world. Extended families with deep roots in the region were uprooted during the conflicts, leaving behind a serious historical void. The remaining documents of the Islamic court of Massawa is an important historical resource, which Dr.

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Book Review: Red Sea Citizens by Dr. Jonathan Miran

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The two wars of Eritrean liberation in Massawa, the brutal massacres of Hergigo in the mid-1970s forced its citizens to migrate in mass. Undoubtedly, Massawa, by far, was the most important town in Eritrea. His note from his last visit of Massawa, years after publishing his book, is gloomy. Massawa brought people from different regions extending as far as Tunisia, Albania, Turkey, Egypt, Kurdistan, Bukhara, Gujarat, Bombay, Yemen, Somalia, and Sudan. Massawa and Hergigo were homes to centuries old, well established and influential families. The Naib family maintained its influence beyond the Othman era, but their influence diminished when the Egyptians took dominance of the region in 1813.

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They financed their operations through the taxes they levied on the Caravans crossing through their region. Miran is important undertaking in that direction. Miran, highlights the important roles of extended families in Massawa, the generational intermarriages among these families and the basis for higher social status in Massawa. Massawa and its environs was full of religious shrines and mosques. The city he describes in his book in its peak days is far from what remains of Massawa today.

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With a mix of inland African and external blood, Massawa developed a distinct and cohesive social identity. However, their influence has begun to wane with the arrival of Italians who were more favourable of the Al-Mirghans and suspicious of Ad Shaikh due to their relationship with their rivals, the Mahdis in Sudan. Take a look at our. In this book, he unravels the rich and profound history of Massawa and its environs. The two most prominent shrines were the tomb of Shaikh Hamid Nafutay in Emberemi, from Ad Shaikh and Hashim Al-Mirghani in Hetumlo, from the Al-Mirghani family. The two most historical mosques of Massawa, dating back to more than 800 years, are the Hanafi mosque and Shafi mosques. The Naibs had a military made up of a mixed militia headed by commanders associated with the Naib family.

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Book Review: Red Sea Citizens by Dr. Jonathan Miran

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Globally its trade links reached as far as Bombay, Gujarat in India, as well as, Indonesia and vast regions in the Middle East. These people spoke different languages, had different cultures and religions, but Massawa provided them an avenue where they can openly transact and make business deals. Miran notes that even today, despite all the destructions, beautiful Arabic inscriptions can be easily observed on the houses and streets of the city. To our clients, we are a diverse team of problem solvers able to reach influencers and audiences across cultures. The Naibs were mostly autonomous in their governance, with little interference from the Othmans. Massawa provided opportunities for great prosperity and higher social mobility.

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Johnathan Miran is Assistant Professor of Islamic Civilization in the Department of Liberal Studies at Western Washington University. It reflects the sad state of affairs of the city today. They settled in the town of Hergigo centuries ago. Over the centuries, Massawa has curved for itself a socio-economic outlook that is distinctive, integrated and cohesive. Miran has referenced extensively in his book.

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